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The Biopsychosocial Approach to Chronic Pain: Scientific Advances and Future Directions

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The Biopsychosocial Approach to Chronic Pain: Scientific Advances and Future Directions

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Title: The Biopsychosocial Approach to Chronic Pain: Scientific Advances and Future Directions
Author: Gatchel, Robert J.; Peng, Yuan Bo; Peters, Madelon L.; Fuchs, Perry N.; Turk, Dennis C.
Abstract: The prevalence and cost of chronic pain is a major physical and mental health care problem in the United States today. As a result, there has been a recent explosion of research on chronic pain, with significant advances in better understanding its etiology, assessment and treatment. The purpose of the present article is to provide a review of the most noteworthy developments in the field. The biopsychosocial model is now widely accepted as the most heuristic approach to chronic pain. With this model in mind, a review of the basic neuroscience processes of pain (the bio part of biopsychosocial), as well as the psychosocial factors is presented. This spans research on how psychological and social factors can interact with brain processes to influence health and illness, to the development of new technologies, such as brain imaging, that provide new insights into brain-pain mechanisms.
Description: Author's final draft after peer review, also known as a post print.This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10106/5000
Date: 2007-07
External Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.133.4.581

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