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Musculoskeletal Disorders: Primary and Secondary Interventions

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Musculoskeletal Disorders: Primary and Secondary Interventions

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dc.contributor.author Gatchel, Robert J. en
dc.date.accessioned 2009-10-15T17:26:19Z en
dc.date.available 2009-10-15T17:26:19Z en
dc.date.issued 2004-02 en
dc.identifier.citation Published in the Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, v.14, Issue 1, pg. 161-170 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10106/1918
dc.description Author's final draft after peer review, also known as a post print. en_US
dc.description.abstract In the United States alone, the annual cost associated with the diagnosis and care of musculoskeletal trauma amounts to tens of billions of dollars [Occupational Musculoskeletal Disorders: Function, Outcomes and Evidence. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia]. Moreover, these costs are continuing to increase at an alarming rate. In fact, in the United States today, occupational musculoskeletal disorders are the leading causes of work disability. Changes in health care policy and demand for improved allocation of health care resources by the Federal government have also recently placed greater pressure on health care professionals to provide the most cost-effective treatment for these disorders, as well as to validate treatment effectiveness. Indeed, treatment-outcome monitoring has assumed new importance in medicine. It is particularly essential in musculoskeletal care, which is currently targeted for attention by health care planners because of its high cost and perceived traditional inefficient care. With these facts in mind, the purpose of the present article is to review the status of current primary and secondary interventions for musculoskeletal disorders. Before doing so, a brief discussion of the biopsychosocial model of pain and disability, which is currently the most heuristic approach to intervention, will be provided. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship This research partially funded by grants No. 5K02 MH01107, 4R01 MH46452, and 5R01 DE10713 from the National Institutes of Health en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.subject Musculoskeletal disorders en_US
dc.subject Biopsychosocial model en_US
dc.subject Primary care en_US
dc.subject Secondary care en_US
dc.subject Tertiary care en_US
dc.title Musculoskeletal Disorders: Primary and Secondary Interventions en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.publisher.department Department of Psychology, The University of Texas at Arlington en_US
dc.identifier.externalLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2003.09.007 en
dc.identifier.externalLinkDescription The original publication is available at article DOI. en_US

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