Tu Corazon Y Mi Pasion

ResearchCommons/Manakin Repository

Tu Corazon Y Mi Pasion

Show simple item record Hernandez-Leveille, Marygrace en_US 2009-09-16T18:20:26Z 2009-09-16T18:20:26Z 2009-09-16T18:20:26Z January 2008 en_US
dc.identifier.other DISS-10124 en_US
dc.description.abstract Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD) continues to be a major public health problem and is the leading cause of death in the United States (US).The estimated cost of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and stroke in the US for 2007 was 431.8 billion dollars. CVD, including CHD and stroke, claims the lives of approximately 500,000 women a year, making it the number one killer of women in the United States and exceeds the number of deaths in men and the next 7 causes of death in women combined.Review of Literature: Few studies have been completed evaluating atherosclerosis, non-invasive cardiovascular testing, ethnic minorities and women. Despite the increased prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and increased mortality in women, there are few studies that evaluate women and cardiovascular risk factors and interventions for heart disease among women.Methods and Design: A descriptive study design is the research design for this study. Eighty four pre-menopausal Hispanic between the ages of 25 -45 completed coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) to assess for presence of soft and hard atherosclerosis. The four outcomes measures evaluated were coronary plaque accumulation, cholesterol components, body mass measurement and waist circumference.Results: Coronary CTA was normal for 83 women. In only one case, coronary CTA revealed a non-obstructive <20% soft plaque accumulation in the proximal left anterior descending artery. Fifty percent of these women had undesirable low density lipoproteins (LDL) and high density lipoproteins (HDL) levels that should be treated but only 6% were on treatment for dyslipidemia. Fifty six percent of the women had BMIs > 24.9 with some form of dyslipidemia. Eighty one percent of the women had waist circumferences > 35 inches. Even though only one woman demonstrated a non-obstructive coronary plaque, 70% of these women had a metabolic syndrome (MS) which is manifested by 3 of 5 CVD risk factors: hypertension, elevated glucose levels, hypertriglyceridemia, HDL <50 mg/dL and an increased abdominal girth.Summary: Despite having at least 3 CVD risk factors, one pre-menopausal Hispanic woman had coronary plaque. Seventy percent of woman had MS suggesting these women have a trajectory toward the development of coronary plaque formation and CVD in the future. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Cason, Carolyn en_US
dc.language.iso EN en_US
dc.publisher Nursing en_US
dc.title Tu Corazon Y Mi Pasion en_US
dc.type Ph.D. en_US
dc.contributor.committeeChair Cason, Carolyn en_US Nursing en_US Nursing en_US University of Texas at Arlington en_US doctoral en_US Ph.D. en_US
dc.identifier.externalLinkDescription Link to Research Profiles

Files in this item

Files Size Format View
HernandezLeveille_uta_2502D_10124.pdf 2.306Mb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record


My Account


About Us